ZAJLIS Template

Please prepare your manuscript before submission, using the following guidelines:


All files should be submitted as a Word document.

Article Length

Articles should be between 3000 words in length. This includes all text including references and appendices. Please allow 280 words for each figure or table.

Article Title

A title of not more than 16 words should be provided.

Article Title Page

An Article Title Page should be submitted alongside each individual article using the template provided. This should include:

  1. Article Title
  2. Author Details (see below)
  3. Acknowledgements
  4. Author Biographies
  5. Structured Abstract (see below)
  6. Keywords (see below)
  7. Article Classification (see below)

Author Details

Details should be supplied on the Article Title Page including:

  • Full name of each author
  • Affiliation of each author, at time research was completed
  • Where more than one author has contributed to the article, details of who should be contacted for correspondence
  • E-mail address of the corresponding author

Informative Abstract

Authors must supply an informative abstract on the Article Title Page. The abstract must not exceed 250 words (inclusive of keywords and article classification). The abstract must include the study objectives (mandatory), design/methodology/approach(mandatory), findings (mandatory), research limitations/implications (if applicable), practical implications (if applicable), social implications (if applicable).


Please provide up to 5 keywords on the Article Title Page, which encapsulate the principal topics of the paper. Whilst we will endeavor to use submitted keywords in the published version, all keywords are subject to approval by ZAJLIS’ in house editorial team and may be replaced by a matching term to ensure consistency.

Article Classification

Categorize your paper on the Article Title Page, under one of these classifications:

  • Research paper
  • Viewpoint
  • Technical paper
  • Conceptual paper
  • Case study
  • Literature review
  • General review


Headings must be concise, with a clear indication of the distinction between the hierarchies of headings.
The preferred format is for first level headings to be presented in bold format and subsequent sub-headings to be presented in medium italics.


Notes or Endnotes should not be used, unless if absolutely necessary. Where used they must be identified in the text by consecutive numbers, enclosed in square brackets and listed at the end of the article.

Research Funding

Authors must declare all sources of external research funding in their article and a statement to this effect should appear in the Acknowledgements section. Authors should describe the role of the funder or financial sponsor in the entire research process, from study design to submission.


All Figures (charts, diagrams, line drawings, web pages/screenshots, and photographic images) should be submitted in electronic form. All Figures should be of high quality, legible and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Graphics may be supplied in color to facilitate their appearance on the online database. Figures created in MS Word, MS PowerPoint, MS Excel, Illustrator should be supplied in their native formats. Electronic figures created in other applications should be copied from the origination software and pasted into a blank MS Word document or saved and imported into an MS Word document or alternatively create a .pdf file from the origination software. Figures which cannot be supplied in as the above are acceptable in the standard image formats which are: .pdf, .ai, and .eps. If you are unable to supply graphics in these formats then please ensure they are .tif, .jpeg, or .bmp at a resolution of at least 300dpi and at least 10cm wide.

To prepare web pages/screenshots simultaneously press the "Alt" and "Print screen" keys on the keyboard, open a blank Microsoft Word document and simultaneously press "Ctrl" and "V" to paste the image. (Capture all the contents/windows on the computer screen to paste into MS Word, by simultaneously pressing "Ctrl" and "Print screen".)

Photographic images should be submitted electronically and of high quality. They should be saved as .tif or .jpeg files at a resolution of at least 300dpi and at least 10cm wide. Digital camera settings should be set at the highest resolution/quality possible.


Tables should be typed and included in a separate file to the main body of the article. The position of each table should be clearly labeled in the body text of article with corresponding labels being clearly shown in the separate file.
Ensure that any superscripts or asterisks are shown next to the relevant items and have corresponding explanations displayed as footnotes to the table, figure or plate.


References to other publications must be in Harvard style and carefully checked for completeness, accuracy and consistency.
You should cite publications in the text: (Adams, 2006) using the first named author's name or (Adams and Brown, 2006) citing both names of two, or (Adams et al., 2006), when there are three or more authors. At the end of the paper a reference list in alphabetical order should be supplied:


Surname, Initials (year), Title of Book, Place of publication, Publisher.
Example: Harrow, R. (2005), No Place to Hide. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

Book chapters

Surname, Initials (year), Chapter title, Editor's Surname, Initials, Title of Book, Publisher, Place of publication, pages.
Example: Calabrese, F.A. (2005), The early pathways: theory to practice–a continuum. In Stankosky, M. (Ed.). Creating the Discipline of Knowledge Management. New York, NY: Elsevier, pp. 15-20.
Journal articles
Surname, Initials (year) Title of article. Journal Name, volume (issue number), pages.
Example: Capizzi, M.T. & Ferguson, R. (2005). Loyalty trends for the twenty-first century. Journal of Consumer Marketing, 22 (2), 72-80.

Published conference proceedings

Surname, Initials (year of publication). Title of paper. In Surname, Initials (Ed.), Title of published proceeding, Place and date(s) held, Place of publication, Publisher, Page numbers.
Example: Jakkilinki, R., Georgievski, M. & Sharda, N. (2007). Connecting destinations with an ontology-based e-tourism planner. In Information and communication technologies in tourism 2007 proceedings of the international conference in Ljubljana, Slovenia, 2007, Springer-Verlag, Vienna, pp. 12-32.

Unpublished conference proceedings

Surname, Initials (year). Title of paper. A paper presented at Name of Conference, date of conference, place of conference. Available at: URL if freely available on the Internet (accessed date).
Example: Aumueller, D. (2005). Semantic authoring and retrieval within a wiki. A paper presented at the European Semantic Web Conference (ESWC), 29 May-1 June, Heraklion, Crete. Available at: (Accessed 20 February 2007).

Working papers

Surname, Initials (year). Title of article. [Working paper, number if available]. Place of organization: Institution or organization.
Example: Moizer, P. (28 March, 2003). How published academic research can inform policy decisions: the case of mandatory rotation of audit appointments. [Working paper]. Leeds: Leeds University Business School, University of Leeds.

Encyclopedia entries (with no author or editor)

Title of Encyclopedia (year). Title of entry, volume, edition, Title of Encyclopedia. Place of publication: Publisher, pages.
Example: Encyclopaedia Britannica (1926). Psychology of culture contact, Vol. 1, 13th ed., London: Encyclopaedia Britannica, pp. 765-71.

Newspaper articles (authored)

Surname, Initials (date year). Article title. Newspaper, pages.
Example: Smith, A. (21 January 2008). Money for old rope. Daily News, pp. 1, 3-4.

Newspaper articles (non-authored)

Newspaper (date year). Article title, pages.
Example: Daily News (2 February 2008). Small change, p. 7.

Electronic sources

If available online, the full URL should be supplied at the end of the reference, as well as a date that the resource was accessed.
Example: Castle, B. (2005). Introduction to web services for remote portlets. Available at: (accessed 12 November 2007).
NB: URLs should not be included within the main text.

List of References

The list of references must be arranged in alphabetical order, at the end of the article, as follows:


Jain, P. & Akakandelwa, A. (2014). Adoption of E-Government in Africa: Challenges and Recommendations. In Sebina, P.M.M, Moahi, K.H. & Bwalya, K.J. (Eds). Digital Access and E-government: Perspectives from Developing and Emerging Countries. Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference, pp. 101-124.

Marr, A. (2012). A history of the world. [Online]. Available at: (accessed 23 June 2014).

Matsaganis, M. (2011). The welfare state and the crisis: the case of Greece. Journal of European Social Policy, 21(5), 501-512.

Njobvu, B. & Hamooya, C. (2010). Digitization of archival materials: The case of national archives of Zambia. [Online]. ESARBICA, 29, 87-101.

OXFAM (2013). Gender Justice. [Online]. Available at:

justice (accessed 12 June 2014).

Potter, R. (20 May 2013). Time to take stock. The Guardian, p.15.

Sattler, M.A. (2007) Education for a more sustainable architecture, Sun, wind and architecture: proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture. National University of Singapore, 22-24 November. Singapore: Department of Architecture, National University of Singapore, pp. 844-851.

Shone, A. and Parry, B. (2013). Successful event management: a practical handbook. 4th ed. Andover: Cengage Learning.

Smith, H. (1990). Innovation at large. In James, S. (ed.). Science and Innovation. Manchester: Novon, pp. 46-50.

Whitaker’s almanack (2013). London: J Whitaker.